Absynthe ou Aluine
Artemisia absinthium

Absynthe Artemisia absinthium

ABSYNTHE OU ALUINE, vient de semence & de plant enraciné: on la leve ordinairement au mois d’Octobre, pour en ôter le peuple, & pour le replanter aussi-tôt en bonne terre bien labourée, & en belle exposition: on la seme en Février & Mars.

On se sert de quatre espéces d’absynthe. La premiere est la grand absynthe commune; la seconde est l’absynthe pontic à petites feuille blanches; la troisiéme est l’absynthe maritime; la quatriéme, l’absynthe de Judée d’Alexandrie. Les feuilles & les sommités de toutes ces quatre espéces, sont en usage en décoction, ou en infusion, à la maniere du thé, dans les maladies de l’estomac, & dans les fiévres intermittentes. On s’en sert aussi dans les affections de la rate, dans le défault d’appétit, dans la jaunisse, le scorbut, & pour chasser les vers. Le sel d’absynthe, pris au poids de dix grains dans un peu de sirop de limon, est un excellent remede pour arrèter le vomissement. On emploie aussi l’absynthe en poudre dans les cataplasmes résolutifs; c’est même un excellent vulnéraire. On trouvera la maniere de faire le vin d’absynthe au Chapitre de l’Apothicairerie.

ABSINTHE, comes from seed & rooted plant: it is usually raised in the month of October, to remove the crowded roots, & to [divide and] replant it as soon as possible in good, well-plowed soil, and in good exposure: it is sown in February-March.

We use four kinds of wormwood. The first is the great common absinthe; the second is the small white leaf pontic wormwood [Roman wormwood, green-ginger, armoise de la mer Noire]; the third is the maritime absinthe; the fourth, the Jewish Absinthe [this edition of La Nouvelle Maison Rustique was published in 1755 and includes an early referrence to the racism that would ensue (the Green Fairy)] or Alexandria Absinthe. The leaves & tops of all these four species are used as a decoction, or as an infusion, like tea, in diseases of the stomach, & in intermittent fevers. It is also used in affections of the spleen, in lack of appetite, in jaundice, scurvy, & to hunt worms. Absinthe salt, taken at ten grain weight in a little lemon syrup, is an excellent remedy for stopping vomiting. Powdered wormwood is also used in resolving poultices; he is even an excellent vulnerary. How to make absinthe wine can be found at the Apothecary Chapter.

Dioscorides affirmeth, that being taken of itself, or boiled with rice, and eaten with honey, it killeth the small worms of the guts, and gently looseth the belly, the which Pliny doth also affirm. The juice of sea Wormwood drunk with wine resisteth poison, especially the poison of Hemlocks. The leaves stamped with figs, saltpetre and the meal of Darnel, and applied to the belly, sides, or flanks, help the dropsy, and such as are splenetic. The same is singular against all inflammations, and heat of the stomach and liver, exceeding all the kinds of Wormwood for the same purposes that common Wormwood serveth. It is reported by such as dwell near the sea side, that the cattle which do feed where it groweth become fat and lusty very quickly. The herb with his stalks laid in chests, presses, and wardrobes, keepeth clothes from moths and other vermin. Gerard [1597].

It is hot and dry in the first degree and cleanses the body of choler. Wormwood being laid among cloaths, will make a moth scorn to meddle with the cloaths; cholic, a cure for it; works on scabs and itch; mixed with your ink, neither rats nor mice touch the paper written with it; cures quinsy and inflammations of the throat; cures mushroom poisoning; provokes the terms [menses]. Take of the flowers of Wormwood, Rosemary, and Black Thorn, of each a like quantity, half that quantity of saffron; boil this in Rhenish wine, but put it not in saffron till it is almost boiled; This is the way to keep a man’s body in health. Culpeper [1651].

Return to Simples Alphabetique

Statements on this website have not been evaluated by the FDA and are for educational purposes only. The information provided is not intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any diseases. Please consult a qualified health care professional for medical advice. © 2020 Carolyn Smith-Kizer, Clinical Herbalist - All rights reserved. Updated 11/25/2021

Web Analytics