Agaric - Toadstool, fly agaric
Amanita muscaria

Agaric Amanita muscaria Toadstool fly agaric

AGARIC Le seul qui soit propre à être pris intérieurement, est celui qui naît sur le tronc du mélése. On l’emploie en infusion dans l’eau depuis deux dragmes jusqu’à demi-once, & en substance, depuis en gros jusquà deux: comme c’est un purgatif très-âcre, on le corrige avec le gingembre, la canelle, ou quelque autre drogue aromatique, ou bien avec quelque sel fixe. On ordonne ordinairement les trochisques, qu’on prépare avec l’agaric & le gingembre; leur dose est depuis demi-gros jusqu’à un, dans les maladies rebelles, & dans les obstructions des visceres. L’agaric convient assez aux personnes sujettes aux catarrhes & aux fluxions dans le tête; il est propre à dissoudre les humeurs épaisses & arrêtées dans les glandes & dans les arterers: aussi l’emploie-t-on avec succès dans les maladies du foie, de la rate, du mésentere, dans la jaunisse, les vents, l’asthme humide, la goutte sciatique, le rhumatisme, la rétention d’urine causée par des glaires, & dans la suppression des règles. L’agaric est dangereux aux femmes grosses**, & à ceux qui sont sujets aux hémorrhages. On tire de l’agaric un extrait, qu’on donne à un scruple; & une réfine que se prend jusqu’à quinze grains. Il entre dans plusieurs compositions purgatives.

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AGARIC The only one that is suitable to be taken internally, is that which is born on the trunk of the larch. It is used as an infusion in water from two dragmes to half an ounce, & in substance, from roughly up to two: as it is a very pungent purgative, it is corrected with ginger, cinnamon, or some other aromatic drug, or with some fixed salt. We usually order the tablet [to be slowly dissolved in the mouth], which we prepare with agaric & ginger; their dose is from one half to one, in rebellious diseases, & in obstructions of the viscera. Agaric is quite suitable for people prone to catarrhs & headaches; it is suitable for dissolving thick & arrested humors in the glands & in the arteries: it is also used with success in diseases of the liver, spleen, mesentery/peritoneum, jaundice, winds, wet asthma, sciatica gout, rheumatism, urine retention caused by phlegm, & in menstruation suppression. Agaric is dangerous for pregnant women, & those who are prone to bleeding. Take an extract from the agaric and give it to 20 grains; & a reduction that is taken up to fifteen grains. It enters into several purgative compositions.

**This entry introduces the concept of obstetrics. Born in Paris, François Mauriceau received his training in obstetrics at the Hôtel-Dieu. He was a leading obstetrician in 17th-century Europe — in 1668 he published, Traité des Maladies des Femmes Grosses et Accouchées, a book that helped establish obstetrics as a science. It was eventually translated into several languages. He is also known for development of a classical maneuvre of assisted breech delivery (Mauriceau-Levret manipulation).[1] He gave a description of tubal pregnancy, and with German midwife Justine Siegemundin 1650–1705), he is credited for introducing the practice of puncturing the amniotic sac to arrest bleeding in placenta praevia. wikipedia

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