Simples Alphabetically - Apothicairerie

apothecary shelf with herbs and formulas

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LA NOUVELLE
MAISON RUSTIQUE;
ou
ÉCONOMIE GENERALE
DES BIENS DE CAMPAGNE.
 _________________________
Troisieme Partie.
 LE JARDINAGE,
 LA VIGNE ET LES BOISSONS.
_____________________
LIVRE CINQUIÉME.

Le Jardin des Simples, ou la Botanique; & une Pharmacie ou Apothicairerie familiere.

Nous avons exposé ci-devant tout ce qui concernoit les Jardins, de quelque espéce qu’ils puissent être. Il ne nous reste plus qu’a traiter une matiere qui est des plus utiles à la campagne, ou l’on est presque dénué des secours qu’on trouve dans les Villes.

_____

C H A P I T R E P R E M I E R.
Des Simples par ordre alphabetique.

Il est à propos de disposer ses jardins, de façon qu’on en ait un particulier, dans lequel on ne mettra que des herbes médicinales, dont on tâchera d’acqué-rir la connoissance, & dont on se servira au besoin. On trouvera dans ce Traité la maniere de les cultiver , leurs vertus , leur dose & la maniere de les employer. On peut même assurer le Public que l'on n'avance rien qui ne soit fondé sur une longue & solide expérience, & que les Maîtres de l'Art n'aient enseigné de tout tems.

On pourra disposer ce jardin par planches, comme celui à fleurs, avec des plate-bandes de deux pieds autour des murs, pour pouvoir y arranger les différences espéces de plants qu’on voudra y mettre suivant leur genre, & suivant les différentes expositions qu’elles demanderont.


THE NEW RUSTIC HOUSE;
or
GENERAL ECONOMY
OF COUNTRY GOODS.
_________________________
Third part.
GARDENING,
VINES AND DRINKS.
______________________
BOOK FIFTH.

Simples of the Gardens, or the Botany; & a familiar Pharmacy or Apothecary.

We have set out above everything about the Gardens, of whatever species they may be. We just have to deal with a matter that is most useful in the countryside, where we are almost devoid of the help we find in the Cities.

 _____

CH A P I T R E P R E MI E R.

Simples in alphabetical order.

It is advisable to arrange your gardens, so that you have a private one, in which you will only put medicinal herbs, which you will try to acquire knowledge of, and which you will use as needed. We will find in this Treatise the manner of cultivating them, their virtues, their dose and the manner of using them. We can even assure the Public that we are not advancing anything that is not based on a long and solid experience, and that the Masters of the Art have not taught at all times.

This garden can be arranged in planks, like the one with flowers, with two-foot flower beds around the walls, in order to be able to arrange the differences in species of plants that we will want to put there according to their kind, and according to the different exposures that 'they will ask.


FRENCH

LATIN

ENGLISH/COMMON

Absynthe ou Aluine

Artemisia absinthium

Wormwood

Acanthe ou Branch-Ursine

Acanthus mollis

Bear’s Breeches

Ache

Levisticum officinale

Lovage

Agaric

Amanita muscaria

Toadstool, Fly Agaric

Agnus Castus

Vitex agnus-castus

Chaste Tree

Agripaume

Leonurus cardiaca

Motherwort

Agremoine

Agrimonia eupatoria

Agrimony

Ail

Allium sativum

Garlic

Alcée

Malva alcea

Vervain Mallow

Alkekenge ou Coqueret

Physalis alkekengi

Winter Cherry

Alleluia ou Pain-a-Coucou

Oxalis acetosella L.

Wood Sorrel

Amaranthe

Amaranthus caudatus

Love Lies Bleeding, Velvet Flower

Ancolie

Aquilegia vulgaris

Columbine

Aneth

Anethum graveolens

Dill

Angelique

Angelica archangelica

Garden Angelica, Wild Celery

Anis

Pimpinella anisum

Anise

Argentine

Argentina anserina L.

Potentilla, Silverweed

Aristoloche

Aristolochia rotunda

Smearwort, Birthwort

Armoise

Artemisia vulgaris

Mugwort

Arréste-Bœuf

Ononis repens

Restharrow, Stop-Ox

Asperge

Asparagus officinalis

Asparagus

Aunée

Inula helenium

Elecampane

Aurone

Artemisia abrotanum L.

Southernwood, Lad's Love

Barbeau ou Bluet

Centaurea cyanus

Cornflower

Bardane

Arctium minus

Common Burdock

Basilic

Ocimum basilicum

Basil

Baume

Commiphora gileadensis

Balm of Gilead

Benoite

Geum urbanum

Wood Avens, Colewort

Berce

Heracleum sphondylium

Hogweed, Cow Parsnip

Berle

Apium graveolens

Celery

Bétoine

Stachys officinalis

Betony, Wood Betony

Bistorte

Bistorta officinalis

Bistort

Bois-Gentil

Daphne mezereum

Lady Laurel, Mezereon

Bouglose, Buglose, Bourache

Anchusa officinalis

Bugloss

Bouillon-Blanc

Verbascum thapsus

Mullein

Bourse-A-Berger, Tabouret

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Shepherd’s Purse

Brunelle

Prunella vulgaris

Heal-All

Bruyère

Calluna vulgaris

Scotch Heather

Bugle

Ajuga reptans

Ajuga, Bugleweed

Buis

Buxus sempervirens

Boxwood

Cabaret

Asarum europaeum

Wild Ginger, Wild Nard

Caille-Lait

Galium verum

Lady’s Bedstraw

Calament

Clinopodium menthifolium

Wood Calamint

Camomille

Chamaemelum nobile

Roman Chamomile

Capillaire

Adiantum capillus-veneris

Maidenhair Fern

Centaurée

Centaurea

Knapweed, Starthistle

Cerfeuil

Anthriscus cerefolium

Chervil, French Pasley

Chelidoine, Eclaire

Chelidonium majus

Greater Celandine

Chicorée

Cichorium intybus

Chicory

Chiendent

Elymus repens

Couchgrass

Cigue

Conium maculatum

Poison Hemlock

Cochlearia

Cochlearia officinalis

Scurvy-grass, Spoonwort

Consoude

Symphytum officinale

Comfrey

Coquelicot

Papaver rhoeas

Poppy

Coulevrée

Bryonia dioica

English Mandrake

Cresson

Nasturtium officinale

Watercress

Cyanus ou Bareau

Centaurea cyanus

Cornflower

Cynoglosse

Cynoglossum officinale

Houndstongue

Digitale

Digitalis purpurea

Foxglove

Dompte-Venin

Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

White Swallow-wort

Ellébore

Helleborus

Winter Rose

Epine-Vinette

Berberis vulgaris

Barberry

Epurge

Euphorbia

Spurge

Euphraise

Euphrasia officinalis

Eyebright

Eupatoire

Eupatorium cannabinum

Hemp-agrimony, Holy Rope

Fenouil

Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel

Fenu-Grec

Trigonella foenum-graecum

Fenugreek

Flambe ou Iris

Iris florentina

Florentine Flag, la flambe blanche–orris root

Fougere

Polypodiopsida

Fern

Fraisier

Fragaria vesca

Wild Strawberry

Framboisier

Rubus idaeus

Red Raspberry

Fraxinelle

Dictamnus albus

Gas Plant

Fumeterre

Fumaria officinalis

Fumatory, Earth Smoke

Garence, Garance

Rubia tinctorum

Rose Madder

Genêt

Genista tinctoria

Dyer’s Broom, Waxen Woad

Genévrier

Juniperus communis

Juniper

Gentiane

Gentiana lutea

Yellow Gentian

Germandrée ou Petit-Chéne

Teucrium chamaedrys

Germander

Giroflier

Syzygium aromaticum

Clove

Gratiole ou Herse a Pauvre Homme

Gratiola officinalis

Gratiola, Hedge Hyssop

Gremil ou Herse aux Perles

Lithospermum officinale

Gromwell

Grenadier

Punica granatum

Pomegranate

Groseiller

Ribes Rubrum

Red Currant

Guy, Gui

Viscum album

Mistletoe

Guimauve

Althaea officinalis L.

Mallow

Herbe aux Cuillers ou Cochlearia

Cochlearia officinalis

Scurvy-Grass, Spoonwort

Herniole ou Herne du Turq

Herniaria glabra

Rupturewort

Hissope

Hyssopus officinalis

Hyssop

Houblon

Humulus lupulus

Hops

Imperatoire

Peucedanum ostruthium

Masterwort

Joubarbe

Sempervivum

Hens and Chicks

Jusquiame, Hannebanne ou Herbe a Sorcier

Hyoscyamus niger

Henbane

Langue-de-Cerf ou Scolopendre

Asplenium scolopendrium

Hart's Tongue Fern

Langue-de-chien ou Cynoglosse

Cynoglossum officinale

Houndstongue

Lavande

Lavandula angustifolia

Lavender

Lierre Grimpant

Hedera helix L.

Ivy, Climbing, English

Lierre Terrestre

Glechoma hederacea

Creeping Charlie

Lin

Linum usitatissimum

Flax

Linaire

Linaria vulgaris

Toadflax, Butter-and-Eggs

Lis

Lilium longiflorum

Lily

Mandragore

Mandragora officinarum

Mandrake

Marjolaine

Origanum majorana

Marjoram

Marrube

Marrubium vulgare

White Horehound

Mauve

Malva sylvestris

Mallow

Melilot

Melilotus officinalis

Yellow Sweet Clover

Mélisse

Melissa officinalis

Lemon Balm

Mercuriale

Mercurialis perennis

Dog’s Mercury, Boggard Posey

Mille-Feuille

Achillea millefolium

Yarrow

Mille-Pertuis

Millepertuis perforé, Hypericum perforatum

St. John’s Wort

Morelle

Morelle de Balbis

Sticky Nightshade, Fire and Ice Plant, Winter Cherry

Muguet

Convallaria majalis

Lily-of-the-Valley

Navet

Bryonia alba

Wild Hop, Wild Vine, English Mandrake

Nénuphar ou Lis d’Estang

Nymphaea alba

Water Lily

Nerprun

Rhamnus cathartica L.

Buckthorn

Nicotiane ou Tabac

Nicotiana tabacum

Tobacco

Oignon

Allium cepa

Onion

Origan

Origanum vulgare

Oregano

Orpin

Sedum rhodanthum

Rhodiola

Ortie

Urtica dioica

Nettles

Orvale

Lamium orvala

Dead Nettle

Pariétaire

Parietaria officinalis

Upright Pellitory, Lichwort

Pas-D’Asne

Tussilago farfara

Coltsfoot

Passe-Rage

Lepidium sativum L

Garden Cress

Patience

Rumex patientia

Patience Dock, Monk’s Rhubarb

Pavot

Papaver somniferum

Opium Poppy, Broadseed

Persicaire

Persicaria

Knotweed

Persil

Petroselinum crispum

Parsley

Pervenché

Vinca difformis

Vinca

Pimprenelle

Sanguisorba minor

Salad Burnet

Pissenlit

Taraxacum officinale

Dandelion

Pivoine

Paeonia officinalis

Peony

Plantain

Plantago major

Plantain

Poirée

Beta vulgaris

Chard

Polypode

Polypodium vulgare L.

Polypody Fern

Pourpier

Portulaca oleracea

Purslane

Pulmonaire

Pulmonaria officinalis

Lungwort

Quinte-Feuille

Potentilla reptans

Cinquefoil

Réglisse

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Licorice

Reine-des Prés

Filipendula ulmaria

Meadowsweet

Renouée

Bistorta officinalis

Bistort

Rhapontic

Rheum rhaponticum

False Rhubarb

Ronce

Rubus fruticosus

Blackberry

Rosier

Rosaceae

Rose

Rue

Ruta graveolens

Rue

Safran

Crocus sativus

Saffron

Sanicle

Sanicula europea L.

Wood Sanicle

Sauge

Salvia officinalis

Sage

Scabieuse

Scabiosa

Pincushion Flower

Sceau de Salomon

Polygonatum odoratum

Solomon’s Seal

Scrophulaire

Scrophularia nodosa

Figwort

Scorsonere

Scorzonera

Salsify

Seigle

Secale cereale L.

Cereal Rye

Senneçon

Senecio vulgaris

Groundsel

Serpentaire

Dracunculus vulgaris

Dragon Lily, Dragonwort

Souci

Calendula officinalis L.

Calendula

Sureau

Sambucus nigra L.

Black Elderberry

Tabouret

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Shepherd’s Purse

Tabac

Nicotiana tabacum

Tobacco

Thym

Thymus vulgaris L.

Thyme

Tilleul

Tilia cordata Mill.

Littleleaf Linden, Lime

Tormentille

Potentilla erecta

Potentilla, Tormentil, Septfoil

Valériane

Valeriana officinalis

Valerian

Velart ou Tortelle

Erysimum

Wallflower

Verge-d’Or

Solidago virgaurea

European Goldenrod or Woundwort

Véronique

Veronica officinalis

Speedwell, Paul's Betony

Verveine

Verbena officinalis

Vervain, Verbena

Violette

Viola odorata

Violet, Viola

Yeble

Sambucus ebulus

Dwarf Elder, Danewort

Yvette

Ajuga chamaepitys

Ground Pine

Statements on this website have not been evaluated by the FDA and are for educational purposes only. The information provided is not intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any diseases. Please consult a qualified health care professional for medical advice. © 2020 Carolyn Smith-Kizer, Clinical Herbalist - All rights reserved. Updated 10/22/2021

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